Overview: Deportations from Hannover

»Deported to their Deaths« – panel 11 – Deportation and Death

The deportation of 1001 Jewish women and men to the Riga ghetto on December 15th, 1941, was the first and most extensive deportation from Hannover. However, “Riga” was neither the beginning nor the end of the deportations.


Prior to the deportations to the East in 1941

DateDestinationNumber of Deportees 
28.10.1938Polish border484Expulsion of Hannover Jews of Polish nationality, amongst them the von Herschel Grünspan family.
10.11.1938Concentration Camp Buchenwald181So-called "Operation Jews" (German: Aktionsjuden) who were arrested after Crystal Night.
25.06.1939Concentration Camp Buchenwaldunbekannt"Operation Jews"
27.09.1940Brandenburg Euthanasia Centre158Mentally and physically disabled people of Jewish decent from all of Nothern Germany, concentrated in Wunstorf, amongst them Hand Rosenbaum


After “Riga”, seven more “transports” originated from Hannover before the end of the war. They were significantly smaller and primarily included the Jewish population from the extended region.

DateDestinationNumber of Deportees 
31.03.1942Warsaw / Trawniki488including 63 people from the City of Hannover
23.07.1942Theresienstadt548including 381 people from the City of Hannover
02.03.1943Auschwitz38Orphaned children from the director's house of the Horticultural School Ahlem and their adult guardians; all were murdered.
20.02.1945Theresienstadt220Jews from "mixed marriages", including 64 people from Hannover. They belonged to the 300 survivors of the ghetto. Collection point: Gestapo Office Hildesheimer Straße (building of the municipal library), transport from the freight station Möhringsberg.

Deportation of Jews from Hannover and surrounding regions and their initial destinations. Numbers based on: Buch der Erinnerung (2003); deviations from numbers in the literature have not been taken into consideration.

In March 1943, Sinti and Roma were deported from the Fischerhof Station. The Nazis deported more than 31,000 Jewish women and men from the territory of the German Reich to the Baltic. Approximately 1100 of the deportees survived. 69 people from the deportation train Hannover-Riga experienced the liberation from National Socialism.


Exhibition: Deported to their Deaths
Duration: December 15th, 2011 to January 27th, 2012
Location: Neues Rathaus Hannover, Bürgersaal
Panel: 11 from 39 – Deportation and Death
Size: 650 x 2050 mm
Technique: Digital print on Alu-Dibond